How is Facebook linked to fake news and the misinformation?

Facebook was made to create a more open and connected world, but the company failed to protect millions of user’s data. The source was full of so-called “fake news” and disinformation from across the world, especially in the UK. These mounting crises raised the question: How is Facebook linked to fake news and the misinformation?

Fake News are false stories that appear to be news, spread on the internet or using other media, usually created o influence political views or as a joke. (Cambridge, dictionary) 

“The Facebook dilemma” shows us how Facebook went from a site that connected collage kids to a site that serves as a news source for billions of people around the world. Facebook became a source for news and information, and It is now a place polluted with misinformation and disinformation. This makes tremendous implications for the democracies around the world. Eventually, it’s the individual´s responsibility to think critically and be skeptical about the information but knowing what´s true becomes harder and harder, when the world experiences a huge shift in media. Now the media has become a place used to communicate. We have come to a place where fake information is easier to spread widely, than actual information.  

Bilderesultater for mark zuckerberg

“[I]t’s clear now that we didn’t do enough to prevent these tools from being used for harm as well. That goes for fake news, foreign interference in elections, and hate speech, as well as developers and data privacy. We didn’t take a broad enough view of our responsibility, and that was a big mistake. It was my mistake, and I’m sorry. I started Facebook, I run it, and I’m responsible for what happens here.” Mark Zuckerberg took personal responsibility or the disinformation. He says it is his fault that this became a problem because he was the one who started and run Facebook, but at the same time he comepairs Facebook with the telephone. He says that a Telephone facilitates that people can talk together, but that they cannot take responsibility for everything they talk about is true. 

The Facebook dilemma came as the company struggled to improve their image after the revelation that Cambridge Analytica accessed about 87 million account in 2014. The leaked data was used by the political firm to target voters through campaigns. The Trump campaign later hired the company during the U.S. election in 2016. 

After the 2016 election many feared that the fake news spread through Facebook affected the results of the U.S. election. Among the people studying “Fake news” its not clear how much, if at all this news affected the election. 

https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/dictionary/english/fake-news

https://www.thewrap.com/facebook-dilemma-

frontline/https://www.forbes.com/sites/quora/2016/11/24/did-fake-news-on-facebook-influence-the-outcome-of-the-election/#3fbe58cc36e4

https://www.npr.org/2018/04/11/601323233/6-facts-we-know-about-fake-news-in-the-2016-election

“The climate emergency, ; how can young people make an impact”.

Global warming is a phenomenon of climate change characterized by a general increase in average temperatures of the Earth. It modifies the weather balances and ecosystems for a long time. It is directly linked to the increase of greenhouse gases in our atmosphere, worsening the greenhouse effect. It’s important that young people take action, because our planet are dependent on the next generations. 

How are teens receiving information regarding climate change?

The norwegian youth, receive a lot of information through social media. Social media provides us with personal thoughts and opinions, as well as reliable news from reliable sources. Lately, climate change has been a relevant and extremely popular topic within social media. Individuals with several millions of followers have through their accounts contributed to spread awareness and raise support, amongst other things. A popular instagram profile can for instance share links to fund raisers and encourage their followers to donate money. 

In addition, famous people are in many cases idols for different parts of the youth. Something which results in them having a lot of influence. This type of influence is not achievable through platforms as television and newspapers. Therefore, social media is an extremely suitable and well-functioning news platform amongst the younger audience. Recently, there has been arranged several strikes, based on not attending school, through social media. This strike was both arranged and developed on social media. And the strike reached numerous students in Scandinavia.

This proves that social media can be used as a great tool in order to reach out to the youth population – if used correctly. As mentioned, several social media platforms has contributed to spread awareness around the climate crisis on a worldwide scale. Young people receive information on the climate crisis by social media, for example on twitter.  

In October, President Trump accused climate change scientists of having a “political agenda”, telling Fox News he was unconvinced that humans were responsible for the earth’s rising temperatures.

After taking office he announced the US would withdraw from the Paris climate change agreement,

How are teens responding to news about climate change?

Teens are the people of our future, and we see a lot of interest among the young people regarding the development of our climate, and the possible disastrous outcome our actions can lead to. This interest is shown when we see students not attending school to protest for the climate – for example, a recent protest arranged by the climate activist, Greta Thunberg. Young Norwegian people drop school to demonstrate and demand stronger action against climate change. The youth are especially inspired by Swedish Greta Thunberg (16) who started the protest wave last year. “We young people are unstoppable,” Thunberg said from the pulpit, referring to everyone who had participated in climate protests across much of the world.

the problem with these demonstrations, is that people take advantage of the opportunity to drop school without getting absence. There are many people who appears a bit “too-faced” because they show interest for the climate, but they still ask their parents to drive them to school.

In conclusion, young people have gotten more engaged and active in the climate debate, but there are still a lot left to take care of. We also think that since the swedish climate activist Greta has gotten so far with her work, then more teens will get more motivated to follow up the coming climate crisis. 

Written by Kristine, Øyvind, Mina and Hedda

Multiculturalism

Multiculturalism is the way a society deals with cultural diversity, both at the national and the community level.

(Longley.2019)

The word is most often used to describe the situation when a society consist of citizens with different ethnics and cultural origins. A society described as multicultural, means that the society consist of multiple cultures and ethnic backgrounds working and living together. In a society when people for different backgrounds link with each other’s culture show us the acceptance of each other´s background and culture. There are many multicultural societies in the world. Toronto is often described as “the most multicultural city in the world” with around half of the population born outside the country. Toronto is located in Canada. 

Multiculturalism is important for a society to fully function. They increase the knowledge about the various cultures and recuse the ignorance. They may also reduce the fear of the unknown. People become more tolerant and respectful towards other cultures. Creativity towards solving problems will be increased, because people think differently. 

Over the years America has become more and more multicultural. The USA is a huge society build of nationalities from all over the world, and people have for decades immigrated to the USA. The United states may have been one of the most open countries for immigration, but in recent times people have become increasingly aware of how this effects the country. Being critical of multiculturalism is not the same as being critical of religion or Islam. The United Kingdom and the united states have some of the same motives. Protectionism is important for both of the countries. That means that they are really protective over what is theirs. They want to protect their culture and people. The citizens even accuse the immigrants of taking their jobs and work opportunities.  One of the main topics in Brexit (the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European union) is Multiculturalism and the unemployment among citizens. With English as world language both was and is the country immediately attractive for people from all over the world to settle down. London contains somewhere between 250.000 and 300.000 French men. (Bratberg.Ø.2017) This is a good example that the city is attracting people in search of work or education.

Bilderesultater for brexit"

Leaving the European union can be a bad choice, because it will not only make it difficult for the Europeans to work in the UK. It will also make it harder for the British to work in Europe. In the text “Dear Europe” the letters from JK Rowling, Neil Gaiman, Mary Beard and more, you read different stories and letters from their experience with multiculturalism. JK Rowling tells us a story about all the opportunities she had, choosing whatever she wanted to do with her life. If she wanted to travel in her youth, whether she wanted any kind of office job in UK, or if she wanted to travel and become for example an English teacher in another countries. She writes that she is uncertain if the next generation will enjoy the same freedom if the United Kingdom leave the EU. There are a lot of people who don’t want to leave the EU, and want a new referendum.

What is mulitculturalism

Dear Europe

Flerkulturelle