Coronavirus

Sweden VS Denmark

The project was about compairing the different approches to the lockdown between two different countries. The project was kind of challenging in the start. There was a lot of information and not easy to find out where to start. I started the project by preparing my interviews and finding people to interview. An old friend of mine who used to live in Norway moved to Sweden with her parents a few years ago. She lives in Stockholm. She is now 16 years old and is in the last year of middle school. Her name is Isabelle and she is the first person I interviewed. The person I interviewed from Denmark is my friend’s cousin. His name is Thomas and he is 18 years old. He lives in a small city called Herning, where he goes to school. They did not really have the opportunity to have a video chat, so I sent both of them questions over messenger. They both had really reflective answers which helped me a lot and, made the work for me much easier. Here is one of the answers which were really reflective and good:

How do you think your country has dealt with this situation?

Sweden is going for economic stability and mass immunity. I can understand where they are coming from, but at the same you can see the consequences. The number affected and deaths compared to Norway, who had a proper lockdown, are extremely high. Not having a proper lockdown is effecting peoples lives and is putting people in dangerous position. 

I feel like I learned a lot from this project like how to structure and how to work evenly on a presentation, and not like making it the day before. I found the project challenging, but interesting with the big difference between the two strategies. For this project I tried to choose two counties that I knew had taken very different approaches to the lockdown and to the corona situation. I knew that Sweden’s plan allows people to be outside, visit bars, restaurants, and shops. Their plan is to keep life relatively normal. On the other hand, Denmark was one of the first countries to announce a lockdown, restricting public gathering, closing schools, bars and restaurants.

I also found it quite interesting how it makes a huge difference of how the people listen when the authorities in Denmark, and when the scientists in Sweden spread the important information about the restrictions in the different countries. I feel like if the authorities send out information like this and tell people to follow the restriction, they get heard. When the scientists spread the information, they are much more unlikely to be heard, because not everyone believe what the scientists say, and I feel like it makes it less important when it’s not coming from the authorities.

Denmark
Sweden

The presentation did also change my point of view in some ways. I found the statistics very interesting. I knew that the differences between the confirmed cases in the two countries were high, but what I found most interesting was the cases which had an outcome. As you could see on the statistics over there were almost 10 000 people who recovered from the virus in demark and only 561 deaths. In Sweden there were almost 5000 who recovered and almost 4000 deaths. I think that the reason why there are more recovered cases in Denmark and more deaths in Sweden, is that Sweden failed to protect the elders, there were a lot of older people who got infected. Older people are more prone to the virus, because of their immune system becomes more and more weakened over the years. In Denmark there were a lot younger people who were infected and who recovered from the virus. In the statistics you see that there are almost as many recovered cases and deaths as confirmed cases in Denmark. And there are a lot less recovered cases and deaths compared to the confirmed cases in Sweden. The numbers of recovered cases are only cases who had an outcome, people who got very ill. In sweden there are a lot of people who got the virus, but did not really have a bad outcome, and not so ill.

I also found out that there were more similarities then I thought. Both of the counties had a lot of the same restrictions as keeping distance, staying home if you’re ill, washing hands, sneeze and couch in your elbow.

I am very happy with the final result. I feel like I showed everything I learned with good structure and I included the questions of the interviews throughout the whole presentation. Next time I have to read through the presentation multiple times and look after typos. 

How is Facebook linked to fake news and the misinformation?

Facebook was made to create a more open and connected world, but the company failed to protect millions of user’s data. The source was full of so-called “fake news” and disinformation from across the world, especially in the UK. These mounting crises raised the question: How is Facebook linked to fake news and the misinformation?

Fake News are false stories that appear to be news, spread on the internet or using other media, usually created o influence political views or as a joke. (Cambridge, dictionary) 

“The Facebook dilemma” shows us how Facebook went from a site that connected collage kids to a site that serves as a news source for billions of people around the world. Facebook became a source for news and information, and It is now a place polluted with misinformation and disinformation. This makes tremendous implications for the democracies around the world. Eventually, it’s the individual´s responsibility to think critically and be skeptical about the information but knowing what´s true becomes harder and harder, when the world experiences a huge shift in media. Now the media has become a place used to communicate. We have come to a place where fake information is easier to spread widely, than actual information.  

Bilderesultater for mark zuckerberg

“[I]t’s clear now that we didn’t do enough to prevent these tools from being used for harm as well. That goes for fake news, foreign interference in elections, and hate speech, as well as developers and data privacy. We didn’t take a broad enough view of our responsibility, and that was a big mistake. It was my mistake, and I’m sorry. I started Facebook, I run it, and I’m responsible for what happens here.” Mark Zuckerberg took personal responsibility or the disinformation. He says it is his fault that this became a problem because he was the one who started and run Facebook, but at the same time he comepairs Facebook with the telephone. He says that a Telephone facilitates that people can talk together, but that they cannot take responsibility for everything they talk about is true. 

The Facebook dilemma came as the company struggled to improve their image after the revelation that Cambridge Analytica accessed about 87 million account in 2014. The leaked data was used by the political firm to target voters through campaigns. The Trump campaign later hired the company during the U.S. election in 2016. 

After the 2016 election many feared that the fake news spread through Facebook affected the results of the U.S. election. Among the people studying “Fake news” its not clear how much, if at all this news affected the election. 

https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/dictionary/english/fake-news

https://www.thewrap.com/facebook-dilemma-

frontline/https://www.forbes.com/sites/quora/2016/11/24/did-fake-news-on-facebook-influence-the-outcome-of-the-election/#3fbe58cc36e4

https://www.npr.org/2018/04/11/601323233/6-facts-we-know-about-fake-news-in-the-2016-election

“The climate emergency, ; how can young people make an impact”.

Global warming is a phenomenon of climate change characterized by a general increase in average temperatures of the Earth. It modifies the weather balances and ecosystems for a long time. It is directly linked to the increase of greenhouse gases in our atmosphere, worsening the greenhouse effect. It’s important that young people take action, because our planet are dependent on the next generations. 

How are teens receiving information regarding climate change?

The norwegian youth, receive a lot of information through social media. Social media provides us with personal thoughts and opinions, as well as reliable news from reliable sources. Lately, climate change has been a relevant and extremely popular topic within social media. Individuals with several millions of followers have through their accounts contributed to spread awareness and raise support, amongst other things. A popular instagram profile can for instance share links to fund raisers and encourage their followers to donate money. 

In addition, famous people are in many cases idols for different parts of the youth. Something which results in them having a lot of influence. This type of influence is not achievable through platforms as television and newspapers. Therefore, social media is an extremely suitable and well-functioning news platform amongst the younger audience. Recently, there has been arranged several strikes, based on not attending school, through social media. This strike was both arranged and developed on social media. And the strike reached numerous students in Scandinavia.

This proves that social media can be used as a great tool in order to reach out to the youth population – if used correctly. As mentioned, several social media platforms has contributed to spread awareness around the climate crisis on a worldwide scale. Young people receive information on the climate crisis by social media, for example on twitter.  

In October, President Trump accused climate change scientists of having a “political agenda”, telling Fox News he was unconvinced that humans were responsible for the earth’s rising temperatures.

After taking office he announced the US would withdraw from the Paris climate change agreement,

How are teens responding to news about climate change?

Teens are the people of our future, and we see a lot of interest among the young people regarding the development of our climate, and the possible disastrous outcome our actions can lead to. This interest is shown when we see students not attending school to protest for the climate – for example, a recent protest arranged by the climate activist, Greta Thunberg. Young Norwegian people drop school to demonstrate and demand stronger action against climate change. The youth are especially inspired by Swedish Greta Thunberg (16) who started the protest wave last year. “We young people are unstoppable,” Thunberg said from the pulpit, referring to everyone who had participated in climate protests across much of the world.

the problem with these demonstrations, is that people take advantage of the opportunity to drop school without getting absence. There are many people who appears a bit “too-faced” because they show interest for the climate, but they still ask their parents to drive them to school.

In conclusion, young people have gotten more engaged and active in the climate debate, but there are still a lot left to take care of. We also think that since the swedish climate activist Greta has gotten so far with her work, then more teens will get more motivated to follow up the coming climate crisis. 

Written by Kristine, Øyvind, Mina and Hedda

Multiculturalism

Multiculturalism is the way a society deals with cultural diversity, both at the national and the community level.

(Longley.2019)

The word is most often used to describe the situation when a society consist of citizens with different ethnics and cultural origins. A society described as multicultural, means that the society consist of multiple cultures and ethnic backgrounds working and living together. In a society when people for different backgrounds link with each other’s culture show us the acceptance of each other´s background and culture. There are many multicultural societies in the world. Toronto is often described as “the most multicultural city in the world” with around half of the population born outside the country. Toronto is located in Canada. 

Multiculturalism is important for a society to fully function. They increase the knowledge about the various cultures and recuse the ignorance. They may also reduce the fear of the unknown. People become more tolerant and respectful towards other cultures. Creativity towards solving problems will be increased, because people think differently. 

Over the years America has become more and more multicultural. The USA is a huge society build of nationalities from all over the world, and people have for decades immigrated to the USA. The United states may have been one of the most open countries for immigration, but in recent times people have become increasingly aware of how this effects the country. Being critical of multiculturalism is not the same as being critical of religion or Islam. The United Kingdom and the united states have some of the same motives. Protectionism is important for both of the countries. That means that they are really protective over what is theirs. They want to protect their culture and people. The citizens even accuse the immigrants of taking their jobs and work opportunities.  One of the main topics in Brexit (the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European union) is Multiculturalism and the unemployment among citizens. With English as world language both was and is the country immediately attractive for people from all over the world to settle down. London contains somewhere between 250.000 and 300.000 French men. (Bratberg.Ø.2017) This is a good example that the city is attracting people in search of work or education.

Bilderesultater for brexit"

Leaving the European union can be a bad choice, because it will not only make it difficult for the Europeans to work in the UK. It will also make it harder for the British to work in Europe. In the text “Dear Europe” the letters from JK Rowling, Neil Gaiman, Mary Beard and more, you read different stories and letters from their experience with multiculturalism. JK Rowling tells us a story about all the opportunities she had, choosing whatever she wanted to do with her life. If she wanted to travel in her youth, whether she wanted any kind of office job in UK, or if she wanted to travel and become for example an English teacher in another countries. She writes that she is uncertain if the next generation will enjoy the same freedom if the United Kingdom leave the EU. There are a lot of people who don’t want to leave the EU, and want a new referendum.

What is mulitculturalism

Dear Europe

Flerkulturelle